Authentication Methods Overview¶
By default, Kafka is installed with no authentication. Confluent Platform supports the following authentication mechanisms and protocols for Kafka brokers.
SASL (Simple Authentication Security Layer) is a framework that provides developers of applications and shared libraries with mechanisms for authentication, data integrity-checking, and encryption.
Kafka uses the Java Authentication and Authorization Service (JAAS) for SASL configuration. You must provide JAAS configurations for all SASL authentication mechanisms. This topic explains how to configure JAAS for SASL.
SASL/GSSAPI uses your Kerberos or Active Directory server for authentication.
Only suitable for use in non-production Kafka installations, SASL/OAUTHBEARER enables the use the OAuth 2 Authorization framework in a SASL context to create and validate unsecured JSON web tokens for authentication.
SASL/PLAIN uses a simple username and password for authentication.
SASL/SCRAM uses usernames and passwords stored in ZooKeeper. Credentials are created during installation.
Performs authentication based on delegation tokens that use a lightweight authentication mechanism that you can use to complement existing SASL/SSL methods. Delegation tokens are shared secrets between Kafka brokers and clients.
Performs client authentication with LDAP (or AD) across all of your Kafka clusters that use SASL/PLAIN.
With mTLS (mutual TLS) authentication–also known as “two-way authentication”–both Kafka clients and servers use TLS certificates to verify each other’s identities to ensure that traffic is secure and trusted in both directions.